A Teacher Who Looks Like Me

Examining racial diversity in Wisconsin’s teacher workforce and the student-to-teacher pipeline

June 2020


Among the most urgent challenges confronting Wisconsin’s K-12 education system are long-standing disparities in educational opportunity and achievement on the basis of race. Racial and ethnic achievement gaps also largely correlate with related socioeconomic differences within students’ communities in terms of income, poverty, unemployment, and educational attainment.

Both education thought leaders and an expansive body of research suggest a teacher workforce that closely represents the racial makeup of the K-12 student population it serves holds particular promise as one policy lever (among others) that could support academic performance and aspirations of students of color and mitigate trends in racial achievement gaps.

However, improving the racial and ethnic diversity of Wisconsin’s teacher workforce is important for both students of color and white students. Many would argue that as they prepare to take their place in an increasingly multicultural society and workforce, all students, irrespective of race, benefit from learning experiences and relationships with role models from a breadth of racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds.

Unfortunately, while students of color have been rising as a share of Wisconsin’s K-12 student population, the state’s teacher workforce has remained overwhelmingly white.

This is the first in a series of Wisconsin Policy Forum reports aimed at informing policy discussions about how to address this imbalance. We analyze available public data both to outline the magnitude of Wisconsin’s teacher-student race gap over time and to illustrate some of the educational attainment trends that contribute to it.

We begin with a brief overview of the Wisconsin context for this issue as well as national research on the connection between teacher diversity and student outcomes. The report then draws on several public data sources to:

  • Describe Wisconsin’s teacher-student race and ethnicity gaps in terms of their magnitude, how they have changed over time, how they differ by race, and how they vary by geography.
  • Explore high-level potential causes and conditions of such gaps through analysis of trends by race and ethnicity at selected stages of the teacher pipeline, from high school graduation and postsecondary enrollment, to participation in educator preparation programs.

Finally, we reflect on these trends to illustrate how they affect the nature of the teacher-student race disparities we see today. We find that the share of students of color at each of these stages in teacher development drops, meaning that the share of white students increases at each stage.

Future Forum research will explore questions surrounding the challenges and successes both schools and teacher preparation programs in Wisconsin and nationwide are encountering in addressing this problem. We will use these findings to uncover systems, policies, and structures that both pose barriers and that hold promise to support people of color joining the ranks of and building long-term careers as members of Wisconsin’s teacher workforce.

In identifying such barriers and means of removing them, our aim is to bring to light policies and practices that foster equitable educational opportunities and long-term outcomes among both students and future teachers of all races and ethnic backgrounds. Continue reading…

Media Coverage

"Report: WI Woefully Lacking Teachers of Color" [1]Public News Service
"“A Teacher Who Looks Like Me”" [2]WORT-FM Madison
"Teacher workforce fails to keep pace with student diversity" [3]Waterloo-Marshall Courier
"Report: Wisconsin has student-to-teacher racial, ethnic gap" [4]
"Students Of Color Benefit From Teachers Who Look Like Them, But 95% Of Wisconsin Teachers Are White" [5]WUWM-FM Milwaukee's NPR
"Report finds diversity gap growing between WI teachers and students" [6]WQOW-TV Eau Claire
"Iowa/Wisconsin/Illinois news in brief" [7]Telegraph Herald
"Study: Disparities between students, teachers of color have grown wider in past decade" [8]WISC-TV Madison
"Report: Gap between student, teacher demographics widening across Wisconsin" [9]Wisconsin State Journal
"Wisconsin students increasingly diverse, but teachers still overwhelmingly white, Policy Forum study shows" [10]Oshkosh Northwestern
"Report: Wisconsin’s teacher workforce lacks diversity" [11]WMTV-Madison
"K-12 Teachers Don’t Reflect Students’ Diversity" [12]Urban Milwaukee
"UW-Madison unveils loan forgiveness program to keep teachers in Wisconsin" [13]Wisconsin State Journal
"After a turbulent search process, MMSD’s first Black superintendent takes charge" [14]The Daily Cardinal
"Despite Gains, State's Share Of Teachers Of Color Lags Far Behind The Share Of Nonwhite Students" [15]WPR
"Wisconsin students increasingly diverse, but teachers still overwhelmingly white, Policy Forum study shows" [16]Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
"Report: Wisconsin has student-to-teacher racial, ethnic gap" [17]
"Alan Borsuk: What's one of the best ways to improve performance in low-income children? Add more diversity to the ranks of teachers." [18]Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
"Act 10 was a blow to educators, but its role in leading to current shortage hard to pin down" [19]Spectrum News
"An engineer on an Air Force base. A cop. A financial advisor. Now, they're all teachers in Racine" [20]The Journal Times
"Education" [21]PBS Wisconsin
"Wisconsin assembly proposal would disallow considerations of race in student financial aid" [22]The Badger Herald